Sexologist John Money introduced the terminological distinction between biological sex and gender as a role in 1955. Before his work, it was uncommon to use the word gender to refer to anything but grammatical categories. However, Money's meaning of the word did not become widespread until the 1970s, when feminist theory embraced the concept of a distinction between biological sex and the social construct of gender. Today, the distinction is strictly followed in some contexts, especially the social sciences and documents written by the World Health Organization (WHO). However, in many other contexts, including some areas of social sciences, gender includes sex or replaces it. Although this change in the meaning of gender can be traced to the 1980s, a small acceleration of the process in the scientific literature was observed in 1993 when the USA's Food and Drug Administration (FDA) started to use gender instead of sex. In 2011, the FDA reversed its position and began using sex as the biological classification and gender as "a person's self representation as male or female, or how that person is responded to by social institutions based on the individual's gender presentation." In non-human animal research, gender is also commonly used to refer to the physiology of the animals.
In linguistics, grammatical gender is a specific form of noun-class system in which the division of noun classes forms an agreement system with another aspect of the language, such as adjectives, articles, pronouns, or verbs. This system is used in approximately one quarter of the world's languages. In these languages, most or all nouns inherently carry one value of the grammatical category called gender; the values present in a given language (of which there are usually two or three) are called the genders of that language. According to one definition: "Genders are classes of nouns reflected in the behaviour of associated words."
Common gender divisions include masculine and feminine; masculine, feminine and neuter; or animate and inanimate. In a few languages, the gender assignment of nouns is solely determined by their meaning or attributes, like biological sex, humanness, animacy. However, in most languages, this semantic division is only partially valid, and many nouns may belong to a gender category that contrasts with their meaning (e.g. the word for "manliness" could be of feminine gender). In this case, the gender assignment can also be influenced by the morphology or phonology of the noun, or in some cases can be apparently arbitrary.
... law or for performing gender-affirming care ... This governor and his minions have made book on the gender bigotry of their so-called “Don’t SayGay” legislation and on the Old South racism of their political redistricting maps, drawn blatantly to diminish the sway of Black voters.
Meanwhile, negative replies come from people who think that bigotry is just another “opinion.” It’s not ...Obviously, Dave Chappelle is not the only millionaire who has tainted his once-secure legacy with anti-trans bigotry ... his bigotry as a “joke.”.
If you do, there are much bigger bigotries at play which need a bigger conversation. (Clothing has no gender, and besides, gender roles and norms are grossly overrated.) ... Any parent should know, however, that there are no external forces that will change a child’s sexuality or gender expression.
The 1960s and 70s employment discrimination based on gender was outlawed, the birth control pill was released, abortion and contraception were legalized, Title IX was passed and women entered universities en masse ...Harvard is still a heavily gendered and racialized campus.
Missourians have long been accustomed to boorish behavior from Eric Greitens, the disgraced former governor credibly accused of tying up and forcing a woman to perform oral sex on him, in addition to charges of major campaign finance violations ...Senate ... That sounds right to us ... Vicky Hartzler has based her campaign on gender bigotry and scare tactics.
That makes it incumbent for the rest of us to stand up for them, for though their numbers are small, the bigotry they face is enormous and the consequences dire — the rate of suicide for gender dysmorphic youth is 12 times that of their peers.
And now for the trans community, fighting against bigotry and abuse, and campaigning for reform of the 18-year-old GenderRecognitionAct to better fit today’s social climate, since the Equal Marriage Act of 2013.
More On. education. Texas teen HariniLogan wins Scripps National Spelling Bee. Top Montana school official fined for driving by school bus ...Oregon Gov ... I also believe that the most effective way to confront bigotry is not with more bigotry. Yet this is exactly what happens every time we reduce students and faculty to their race or gender ... ....
This new law requires the Hate Crime Investigative Unit to be responsible for working to prevent and detect certain crimes that are generally based on bigotry or bias against a race, religion, ethnicity, disability, sex, sexual orientation or gender identity or expression.
... course of raging hormones, there’s going to be problems” and “weighing trade-offs” in pediatric gender treatments “is not bigotry.” Refusing to admit that some LGBTQ self-identity is driven by “trends” means striking a “blow in the culture war using children as cannon fodder.”.